Updates? The fruitful medieval period established Barcelona's position as the economic and political centre of the Western Mediterranean. The autonomous community of Catalonia occupies a triangular area in the northeastern corner of Spain. Director of Language Studies, City University, London. 581 Restaurants within 0.5 km. BARCELONA, Spain (AP) — Eager for a live music show after months of social distancing, more than 1,000 Barcelona residents gathered Saturday to participate in a medical study to evaluate the effectiveness of same-day coronavirus screening to safely hold cultural events. The Barça star has scored 644 goals for FC Barcelona, one more than the Brazilian netted for Santos. The area into which the town expanded, now called L’Eixample (“the Extension”), was open land left originally to give a clear field of fire from the city walls. The final plans were based on geometric blocks, allowing for open spaces, greenery, and social areas. Cerveceria Catalana is a tapas place great for families, with tons of options for even picky eaters. Barcelona is a city with a wide range of original leisure options that encourage you to visit time and time again. Best nearby. The famous promenade is separated from L’Eixample by the monumental Catalunya Square, and it leads down to the port and the Portal de la Pau Square, where the Christopher Columbus monument stands in commemoration of the discovery of America and the explorer’s announcement of it in Barcelona. Barcelona city is actually a lot smaller than you might imagine. Barcelona, city, seaport, and capital of Barcelona provincia (province) and of Catalonia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northeastern Spain, located 90 miles (150 km) south of the French border. Barcelona attracts those who love Gaudi's architecture, hot nightlife and thrilling restaurants. Barcelona – Spain’s second city – sets the template for urban style, hip design and sheer non-stop energy. Cerveceria Catalana is a tapas place great for families, with tons of options for even picky eaters. Barcelona is cradled in the North Eastern Mediterranean coast of mainland Spain, about 2 hours drive South from the French Pyrenees. (2011) 1,611,013; (2018 est.) If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Barcelona is a significant economic centre and a fast growing financial centre. It abounds with archives, libraries, museums, and buildings of interest, featuring superb examples of Modernist and Art Nouveau decor and architecture. Its wider urban region is home to three-quarters of the population of Catalonia and one-eighth of that of Spain. This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 21:05. The city’s oldest neighborhood, with narrow streets, great shopping, and a booming nightlife, is truly iconic to Barcelona. Catalonia, Spanish Cataluña, Catalan Catalunya, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) and historic region of Spain, encompassing the northeastern provincias (provinces) of Girona, Barcelona, Tarragona, and Lleida. Torre Agbar skyscraper at night in Barcelona. Accordingly, plans were devised to extend the city. 33. The stock market of Barcelona, which in 2016 had a volume of around €152 billion, is the second largest of Spain after Madrid, and Fira de Barcelona organizes international exhibitions and congresses to do with different sectors of the economy. Jaume I Barcelona Metro 3 min. For the visitor, the main attraction still tends to be in the city centre, particularly around the Ramblas. The 1992 Olympic Games allowed for some renovation of deteriorated and poorly planned areas. The city expanded following the annexing of the old municipalities surrounding Barcelona. Being the 2nd largest city in Spain, Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia province. Barcelona is known as the capital of Catalonia and Madrid is the capital of Spain.. Omissions? Feature. Barcelona is currently a city of 1,620,943, the second largest in Spain, and the capital of the autonomous community of Catalonia. Urban sprawl and uncontrolled development during the Francisco Franco era added to the congestion. Elegant Tarragona's Roman ruins and amphitheater add to its historical appeal. [2] 5,609,350[1] people live in the province, of whom about 30% (1,620,343)[1] live within the administrative limits of the city of Barcelona, which itself is contained in the Barcelona metropolitan area. It is home to university of Barcelona among others. Catalonia had a distinct history of its own long before it became part of Spain. For the similarly-named province in Venezuela, see, Map of Spain with Province of Barcelona highlighted, Barcelona: Población por municipios y sexo, Indicadors geogràfics. Almost any restaurant will be set-up to accommodate children, and have plenty of options to chose from. The skyline of the modern city inevitably reflects the style of the present age, but Barcelona has always attracted distinguished and original architects. Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. It is one of the Europe's principal … Area city, 38 square miles (98 square km); metropolitan area, 1,249 square miles (3,235 square km). For over 200 years, Barcelona was under Muslim rule, and, following the Christian reconquest, it became a county of the Carolingian Empire and one of the main residences of the court of the Crown of Aragon. Futbol Club Barcelona is a professional futsal club based in Barcelona, Spain.It is a part of the FC Barcelona sports club.. Ciutat Vella, the Old City, is Barcelona’s main attraction. Its area is 7,726 km2 (2,983 sq mi). It is a vibrant city that hosts thousands of tourists annually. The journey will take you about 25 minutes. Getting there. The average annual temperature is 61 °F (16 °C); January is the coldest month, averaging 49 °F (9 °C), and August is the hottest, at 76 °F (24 °C). The Ramblas form one of the most delightful aspects of the city, their broad, tree-lined centre strips given over to a series of stalls and kiosks selling items such as flowers, pets, and books and newspapers. Barcelona is in the northeast of Spain, close to the French border and on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Located between the Ramblas, a series of connected boulevards, going southeastward to the sea, and the Via Laietana, it is a close-packed maze of narrow streets punctuated by magnificent medieval buildings. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Swiit (130) 3 min £ Cafe. Part One: Cars dominate cities. Tibidabo is the mountain that overlooks the city of Barcelona. This vitality combines with the striking physical setting of Barcelona—between scenic mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, with a benign climate that fosters street life—and its significance as an economic power and a major port to create a city of infinite variety. However most of the time your metro journey to the city centre will be considerably less than this - typically 10 to 15 minutes. It's the capital of Catalunya, a region of Northern Spain that has its own unique culture, traditions and personality. Throughout its past Barcelona has had to contend with the consequences of its strategic location and political significance. Cars completely swamped cities in the 20th century, bringing with them congestion, air … The province is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona, and by the Mediterranean Sea. Pop. There are no additional charges for your luggage. Request Information Part time Courses in Spanish in Barcelona in Spain … 263 Other Attractions within 0.5 km. Today, El Poble Espanyol provides the flavor of a real Spanish village, with its streets, squares, and historic-looking buildings, all free of traffic and surrounded by the greenery of Montjuïc. Rental Cars See all Barcelona car hire. Liceu Barcelona Metro 5 min. By the mid-19th century the need for elaborate defenses had passed, and the city was bursting at the seams. Barcelona city is one of a kind Barcelona (Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. This combination of a concentrated core with a highly developed industrial belt has made Barcelona one of the most congested cities in the world. Some people find the more modern buildings along the Diagonal quite striking, but little of it can compare to the work of the Catalan sculptor and architect Antoni Gaudí, whose huge and elaborate Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family (Sagrada Família) has become a symbol of the city itself. Catalonia and Barcelona has become one of the first tourist destination of Spain, it has everything to please the majority of visitors : with a history among the oldest in Europe, a capital, Barcelona, which never sleeps and an inland full of charm not to forget beautiful beaches in La Costa Brava. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Barcelona, European Association of Archeologists - History of Barcelona, Official Tourism Site of Barcelona, Spain, Barcelona - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). One option for travelling to and from the airport to the docks is to catch a taxi. The government buildings—such as the Palace of the Generalitat (the seat of the autonomous community of Catalonia), a 14th–15th-century building with Baroque and Neoclassical facades, and the Royal Palace—attest to the city’s importance as an administrative capital. Mediterranean Seafront to Ronda de Sant Pere, Ciutat Vella, 08002 Barcelona Spain. It’s a hub of new trends in the world of culture, fashion and cuisine. The main economic cost … Although Barcelona is sometimes windy, its protective semicircle of mountains shields it from the harsh, cold winds that blow out of the north and west. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The cathedral, episcopal palace, and churches bear witness to Barcelona’s importance as a religious centre. But Barcelona is also the capital city of Catalunya, a region of Northern Spain that has its own traditions, cuisine and language that's distinct from the rest of mainland Spain. Barcelona is a city, Capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, Located in the coast of northeastern Spain. 5,609,350 people live in the province, of whom about 30% (1,620,343) live within the administrative limits of the city of Barcelona, which itself is contained in the Barcelona metropolitan area. Barcelona is a very family-friendly city, and great for kids of all ages. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Thousands of pro-independence supporters from Spain ’s northeastern region of Catalonia are pouring into Barcelona for what will be the fifth day of protests. Where others tinker at the edges, time and again Barcelona has reinvented itself. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Superfície, densitat i entitats de població, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Province_of_Barcelona&oldid=998744496, Geography articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Catalan-language sources (ca), Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Barcelona is a very family-friendly city, and great for kids of all ages. Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous community of Spain.The city is situated in the northeast of Spain, close to France and the Pyrenees.. With 1.7 million inhabitants, Barcelona is the second most populous city after Madrid.The Metropolitan area of the city has 36 municipalities with a population of over 5 million. The province is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona, and by the Mediterranean Sea. Taxis are quick, available and cheap. However, a list of the comarques that are included—totally or partially—in the province of Barcelona can be made: The Catalan Pre-Coastal Range and Catalan Coastal Range mountains run through the Province of Barcelona. This blending of cultures makes the city of Barcelona a truly fascinating place to visit. Located in northeastern Spain, Barcelona is one of the country’s top travel destinations because it offers everything tourists look for in a European city from historic architecture to lively shopping, vibrant culture and buzzing nightlife. Antoni Gaudí's Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family (Sagrada Família), Barcelona, construction begun 1883. Barcelona, facing the Mediterranean to the southeast, is located on a plain generally confined by the Besós River (north), the Llobregat River (south), the rocky outcrop of Montjuich (567 feet [173 metres] high), and the semicircle of mountains of which Tibidabo (1,680 feet [512 metres]) is the highest point. The defenses that played such a large part in the battle for Barcelona during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) were augmented by the construction of a citadel after the city was taken. Barcelona is known as the second capital of Spain after Madrid. There are several notable smaller mountain ranges that are located in the province, including Montseny Massif, Serra de Collserola, and Tibidabo. Pizzeria Da Nanni Barcelona (1,661) 1 min £ Italian. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It stretches back to the early Middle Ages when the County of Barcelona rose to pre-eminence in the 11th century. Barcelona has set out to change that. Even though Catalonia is part of the Spanish nation, it is a distinct region that, like any other, has its own customs that make it unique. Part time Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in Management Studies in Barcelona in Spain Other architects, such as Luis Doménechi Montaner, produced remarkable structures in the modernist style, such as the Music Palace, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. It has over 4 million inhabitants. Interesting facts Geography and demography. Ciutadella / Vila Olimpica This newly developed area with its beautiful beach and interesting modern architecture houses the most popular clubs in the city. Some other cities and towns in Barcelona province include L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Martorell, Mataró, Granollers, Sabadell, Terrassa, Sitges, Igualada, Vic, Manresa, Berga. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}41°27′N 2°5′E / 41.450°N 2.083°E / 41.450; 2.083, This article is about the Spanish province. The county was brought under the same royal rule as the neighbouring Kingdom of Aragon. The capital of the province is the city of Barcelona, and the provincial council is based in the Casa Serra on the Rambla de Catalunya in that city. Precipitation amounts to about 23 inches (600 mm) per year. Originally FC Barcelona begun to play futsal in 1978, until it was disbanded in 1982. From stylish Barcelona to sunny resort towns on the Costa Brava and Costa Dorada, Catalonia offers a wealth of attractions. Coauthor of. It is Spain’s major Mediterranean port and commercial centre and is famed for its individuality, cultural interest, and physical beauty. Unfortunately, the plans were not carried out completely, and within 30 years the open areas were exploited, causing the density of buildings to triple. You can reach Plaça de Catalunya (the epicentre of Barcelona) by metro in no more than 45 minutes maximum travel time from the furthest metro stop from the city centre. See also List of municipalities in Barcelona. Since the division by provinces in Spain and the division by comarques in Catalonia do not completely agree, the term comarques of the province of Barcelona would not be entirely correct. The Catalan people are proud of their rich heritage and have successfully maintained it. And as you'd expect for somewhere this vibrant, there's plenty of choice when deciding where to stay in Barcelona. On his visit to the city in 1862, Hans Christian Andersen remarked that Barcelona was the “Paris of Spain.” The city is indeed a major cultural centre with a remarkable history. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Since the late 1970s, with the official recognition of the Catalan language and the granting of significant levels of regional self-government, cultural life has been revitalized, bringing with it a new awareness of the depth and variety of Catalan culture. Its area is 7,726 km (2,983 sq mi). It is Spain’s major Mediterranean port and commercial centre and is famed for its individuality, cultural interest, and physical beauty. The city was heavily fortified and did not spread much beyond its medieval confines until the 19th century, a factor that contributed to the emergence of industrial satellite suburbs and towns around the city proper. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). At the core of the city lies the Gothic Quarter. Website +34 634 53 43 33. He made a number of other notable contributions, including the multistory apartment buildings Casa Batlló, Casa Milá (La Pedrera), and Güell Park. Designed for the 1929 International Exhibition, the Spanish Village is an open-air museum featuring 117 full-scale buildings representing 15 autonomous regions of Spain. The Roman walls survive in places largely because stretches of them were incorporated into the medieval city, and the wall built in the 13th century along the Ramblas effectively hemmed it in. 22 Dec 20 Latest Galleries. 1,620,343. Pedraforca is the tallest mountain in the province, located on the north side as part of the Pre-Pyrenees. Almost any restaurant will be set-up to accommodate children, and have plenty of options to chose from. Overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, and famous for Gaudí and his Art Nouveau architecture, Barcelona is one of Europe’s trendiest cities. You also have 2 additional supplements. Barcelona, city, seaport, and capital of Barcelona provincia (province) and of Catalonia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northeastern Spain, located 90 miles (150 km) south of the French border. Spain became a unified country in the 15th century and Catalonia became part of the new country under the reign of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of … The largest city in Spain, as is to be expected, is Madrid, with a total of 3,141,991 inhabitants – the only one in the country with two million or more, since the second-largest, Barcelona, is home to 1.6 million and the country’s third city, Valencia, is a long way behind with just 786,000. The majority of the Province of Barcelona has a Mediterranean climate on the coast and an oceanic climate inland. Catalonia is one of 50 provinces in Spain and contains the municipalities of Girona, Tarragona, Lleida, and Barcelona. Taxi to Barcelona airport from the cruise port. The provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and great for kids of ages... Urban sprawl and uncontrolled development during the Francisco Franco era added to the docks to! As part of Spain 600 mm ) per year, with narrow streets, great shopping, and Girona and. 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